Collins Aerospace has unveiled a new 1 megawatt motor and motor controller that it is developing for Pratt & Whitney Canada’s (P&WC) regional hybrid-electric flight demonstrator, which is targeting a 30 per cent improvement in fuel efficiency.
Collins said it had tested both systems to full current, voltage and speed, and plans to send prototypes to P&WC for ground testing later this year.
Flight testing in 2024
Flight testing of the demonstrator is planned to begin in 2024 and will take place in Montreal.
Collins’ motor features what it said was “industry-leading power density and efficiency”. The company is developing the systems at its facility in Solihull in the UK and is testing them at the University of Nottingham’s Institute for Aerospace Technology.
Collins plans to conduct future testing of the motor and motor controller at The Grid, a 25,000-square-foot electric power systems lab at its facility in Rockford, Illinois. The Grid is expected to be fully operational in 2023.
Net-zero by 2050
“Through this close collaboration between Collins and our sister Raytheon Technologies business Pratt & Whitney, we are developing sustainable hybrid-electric propulsion technologies that will play an integral role in helping the aviation industry reduce carbon emissions to net-zero by 2050,” said Henry Brooks, president, Power & Controls for Collins Aerospace. “Together, we have the opportunity to truly redefine aerospace with greener solutions that will benefit not only our industry, but our world as a whole.”
P&WC is working together with Collins, De Havilland Aircraft of Canada Limited, battery systems supplier H55 and other collaborators on the flight demonstrator. The programme aims for a 30 per cent improvement in fuel efficiency and commensurate reduction in CO2 emissions, compared to today’s most advanced turboprop engines for regional aircraft.
As part of the programme, a De Havilland Dash 8-100 experimental aircraft will be re-engined on one side with a 2 megawatt-class propulsion system that combines a fuel-burning engine from P&WC with Collins’ 1 megawatt electric motor in a parallel hybrid configuration with a 50/50 power split.
Motor power during take-off and climb
The electric motor will provide extra power during take-off and climb, allowing the fuel-burning engine to be optimised for cruise efficiency. The new technology will also be designed to run on 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF).
“Our hybrid-electric flight demonstrator program is leveraging and attracting expertise from leading aerospace and research organisations in Canada and around the world,” said Jean Thomassin, executive director of new products and services, P&WC.
“By optimising the performance of the propulsion system for greater efficiency, hybrid-electric technology provides a key pathway to setting new standards for sustainability in aviation, across a range of different applications.”