The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is calling for unrestricted access to travel for vaccinated passengers following data and evidence-driven decisions by a number of countries opening their borders to vaccinated travellers.
The latest data collected by IATA, including its Timatic service, shows that more than 20 countries have wholly or partially lifted restrictions for vaccinated travellers. IATA said where vaccination is not possible, access to quarantine-free travel should be provided through Covid-19 testing strategies based on widely available, free-of-charge tests.
Germany is among the latest countries to make quarantine alleviations for vaccinated travellers. Vaccinated travellers, with the exception of those from certain high-risk countries, are no longer subject to quarantine measures. Germany has also removed quarantine requirements for travellers with a negative Covid-19 test result, again with the exception of those travelling from certain high-risk countries.
Vaccinated travellers “no longer significant in spread of Covid-19”
The German government decision followed a review of scientific advice from the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), which concluded that vaccinated travellers are no longer significant in the spread of the disease and do not pose a major risk to the German population. Specifically, it stated that vaccination reduces risk of COVID-19 transmission to levels below the risk from a false negative rapid antigen test.
The implementation of the policy aligns Germany with recommendations from both the European Commission and the European Parliament, based on similar scientific advice from the European Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC). Interim guidance on the benefits of full vaccination from the ECDC said that “based on the limited evidence available, the likelihood of an infected vaccinated person transmitting the disease is currently assessed to be very low to low.”
Base safe reopening of borders on scientific research – Walsh
In the US, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US CDC) has noted that “with a 90 per cent effective vaccine, pre-travel testing, post-travel testing, and 7-day self-quarantine provide minimal additional benefit.”
Willie Walsh, IATA’s Director General said:“A safe opening of borders to international travel is the goal. And scientific evidence and data such as that presented by RKI, ECDC and USC CDC should be the basis for the decision-making needed to achieve that. There is increasing scientific evidence that vaccination is not only protecting people but also dramatically reducing the risk of Covid-19 transmission. This is bringing us closer to a world where vaccination and testing enables the freedom to travel without quarantine. Germany and at least 20 other countries have already taken an important step forward in re-opening their borders to vaccinated travellers. These are the best practice examples for others to quickly follow.”
The US CDC has found alleviations from Covid-19 restrictions to be a powerful motivator for vaccination, particularly in communities where vaccine hesitancy is prevalent, providing an additional and important benefit of restriction-free travel for those vaccinated. IATA polling indicates that 81 per cent of international travellers are willing to get vaccinated in order to be able to travel. Moreover, 74 per cent of people in the same poll agreed that those vaccinated should be able to travel by air without restrictions.
Digital solutions for vaccine certificates
The decisions of increasing numbers of countries to accept vaccinated travellers without quarantine measures adds pressure for a digital solution to manage vaccine certificates and Covid-19 test results. Paper-based processes could lead to extremely long processing times at check-in and border control. They also open the door to fraud. Digital vaccine/test certificates, coupled with passenger apps such as the IATA Travel Pass, will be needed to manage travel health credentials efficiently and securely in the restart.
Recent IATA polling shows strong support for a digital solution.
· 89 per cent supported globally standardized COVID-19 test or vaccination certifications
· 84 per cent want an app to manage their travel health credentials
Walsh added: “A gap is opening up between countries responding to scientific evidence, and those exhibiting a lack of preparation or excessive caution in reopening borders. Countries that seize the opportunity offered by the increasing numbers of vaccinated travelers can protect their populations and reap an economic reward.”